Category: Ethics & Morality

Ethics

Ethics

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Rather, to speak of good or evil is to speak of human illusions, of lies according to which we find it necessary to live. A positive science, natural science or descriptive science is concerned with what is. As a result, job security, fair wages, decent working conditions, and equitable treatment are now concerns that managers face. When Euthyphro defends the religious picture of ethics, Socrates asks whether an act morally right because God prefers it or does God prefer it because it is morally right?
The Ethics of Suffering: Modern Law, Philosophy and Medicine

The Ethics of Suffering: Modern Law, Philosophy and Medicine

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We are co-constituted by each other, we "exist" in each other in certain ways (being "in" love is a significant example). Altruism says it is better to provide good for someone else. Other instances of Mu'tazilite rationalism include the espousal of the absolute identity of God's essence and his attributes, the irreversibility of his decrees and the freedom of the will as a precondition of moral responsibility. I take it that there is still a big disagreement (witness the continued fights among biologists over the status of evolutionary psychology and evolutionary sociobiology).
A Message From The Mountains: Some Thoughts On The Ethics Of

A Message From The Mountains: Some Thoughts On The Ethics Of

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Where we distinguish figure from ground, we pay more attention to figure and less to ground and we try to explain what happens in terms of features of the figure rather than in terms of features of the ground. This material forms part of The Open University course A222 Exploring philosophy. Why discussing moral issues is important 1. In his new book (the one about lying) Harris says, in effect, you should never, ever, do it — yet his pretense in The Moral Landscape to be revolutionizing moral philosophy seems to me the very height of dishonesty.
Archaeology of Peace

Archaeology of Peace

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Grotius's themes were developed by the English philosophers Thomas Hobbes (1599–1679) and John Locke (1632–1704) and by the German lawyer Samuel Pufendorf (1632–1694). First, charity transforms the virtues themselves. A kind of complaint that is common in undergraduate philosophy papers goes like this: Philosopher X assumes A and argues from there to B. The ongoing and unsettled debates between egoism, utilitarianism, deontology, libertarianism, communitarianism, and so on, deconstruct into the elements of finitude sketched in this essay.
THE ETHICS OF AMBIGUITY

THE ETHICS OF AMBIGUITY

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Morals help a person in choosing a course of action whenever he is in a dilemma. Their true goal is to replace secular education with sectarian education, which under our present laws is illegal in public schools. Reading, Writing, and Rewriting the Prostitute Body. In the political section, inspired chiefly by al-Farabi, al-Tusi argues that orderly association is an essential precondition of the good life. Projectivism: the view that qualities can be attributed to (or "projected" on) an object as if those qualities actually belong to it.
Responsibility in Law, an Inquiry Into the Meaning of Law

Responsibility in Law, an Inquiry Into the Meaning of Law

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This objectivism almost inevitably slides into ethnocentrism as some privileged understanding of rationality is falsely legitimated by claiming for it an unwarranted universality. The task for ethics should not be the search for a theory or principle that can survive rational scrutiny, that can satisfy the objective cognitive standards inherited from traditional logic and the sciences, that can give us clear and certain criteria to guide adjudication -- the orientation in such directions already means that ethics has been distorted from the start.
Schopenhauer's Child

Schopenhauer's Child

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But of course the strictness of the prohibition has as its point that you are not to be tempted by fear or hope of consequences. Let me give one example of an academic discussion that I think has gone awry. Some forms of non-cognitivism and ethical subjectivism, while considered anti-realist in the robust sense used here, are considered realist in the sense synonymous with moral universalism. The point is that relativity has different meanings depending on the context. As to your more substantive question, I think for science to replace philosophy entirely it would have to answer questions that philosophers are trying to answer, and do so better than philosophers.
Solving Moral Problems: A Strategy for Practical Inquiry

Solving Moral Problems: A Strategy for Practical Inquiry

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Yet Aquinas notes that there are “different kinds of due,” and this fact necessitates the current distinction (ST IIaIIae 61.1 ad 5; ST IIaIIae 61.2 ad 2). In each society there are authorities on these matters and there are collections of such rules. All specific moral requirements, according to Kant, are justified by this principle, which means that all immoral actions are irrational because they violate the CI.
Rationality and Commitment

Rationality and Commitment

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But of course, many simpler matters in physics can be proven, and about those all competent physicists agree. According to Kant, all behaviors and actions are done by people simply because they are the right things to do. No agent can remedy the moral weakness of will of another except by forcing them to be responsible for their own self-interest -- i.e. by denying aid. (Hence the sentiment of Benjamin Franklin above that the poor become richer when less provision is made for them.) The agent faced with acknowledging non-contractual duties of commission must judge whether the need of the other is genuine, fraudulent, or incontinent.
On Moral Capital

On Moral Capital

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That same year Beauchamp joined the philosophy department at Georgetown University, becoming professor of philosophy in 1979. In the TV series, "Star Trek" the android, "Data," not to mention numerous "aliens" are depicted as non-human persons, as is the cuddly (?) alien, "E T" in the movie of that same name. And so we would enter the fields of environmental education and moral education. Their principle is: who wants the end justifies the means. Since everything man needs has to be discovered by his own mind and produced by his own effort, the two essentials of the method of survival proper to a rational being are: thinking and productive work.