Category: Ethics & Morality

New Essays on Leibniz's Theodicy

New Essays on Leibniz's Theodicy

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He argues that there are seven prima facie duties which need to be taken into consideration when deciding which duty should be acted upon: beneficence (to help other people to increase their pleasure, improve their character, etc); non-maleficence (to avoid harming other people); justice (to ensure people get what they deserve); self-improvement (to improve ourselves); reparation (to recompense someone if you have acted wrongly towards them); gratitude (to benefit people who have benefited us); promise-keeping (to act according to explicit and implicit promises, including the implicit promise to tell the truth).
Current Societal Concerns about Justice (Critical Issues in

Current Societal Concerns about Justice (Critical Issues in

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Thesis This essay project with answer different questions to the six branches of Philosophy. In ethics it becomes a view that some moral ideas are inborn or innate, or the opinion that some moral sense, obligations or right are natural. Another individual might judge that cola addiction is wrong and that therefore the addicted person's personality is of a low grade; that the addicted person has faults. Jim's personal knowledge thus can be a very valuable thing and can make hiring his friend a prudent move for his firm.
Becoming a Barbarian

Becoming a Barbarian

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A certain used-car dealer is unethical.� She conceals defects in her cars; she takes advantage of poor people by pressuring them into paying exorbitant prices for cars she knows to be defective; she runs misleading advertisements in any newspaper that will carry them; and so on. ��������� Each of the cases above can be augmented in a couple of ways.� For example, we can explain why lying is bad: because it harms people and it is a violation of trust.� In general, we can explain why the various considerations are relevant.� Moreover, we can also show that comparable cases cannot be made on the other side.� If we do all of this, have we �proven� these various ethical claims?� According to Rachels, the answer is �yes�.� On his view, there are proofs in ethics, even though they don�t look like scientific or mathematical proofs.� This is not to say, however, that an ethical proof would be able to convince everyone of its conclusion.� Some people may lack an understanding of the ethical concepts involved, or may simply be too pig-headed or emotionally invested on the other side of the issue to admit the proof.� Notice, though, that the same is true in science.� Even today, there is a Flat Earth Society, and there are those who deny that astronauts have been to the moon.� The fact that others may insist on dismissing a body of evidence does not automatically call it into question.
Babies and Beasts: THE ARGUMENT FROM MARGINAL CASES

Babies and Beasts: THE ARGUMENT FROM MARGINAL CASES

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Rather, we make up ethical principles to suit ourselves: there is nothing to say which set of principles is ‘better’ than any other. In this Buzzle post, we attempt to figure out how the two ethical systems differ from each other. Guilt, on the other hand, is the motivator of honest people. By filling out a few of our surveys, you'll help us answer those questions We, in return, will give you an immediate report on how you scored on each study, quiz, or survey. Autonomy of the will is that property of it by which it is a law to itself (independently on any property of the objects of volition).
Thinking of Answers: Questions in the Philosophy of Everyday

Thinking of Answers: Questions in the Philosophy of Everyday

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Ethics are defined systems, while morality is often based on a personal belief. Intuitionists think that good and bad are real objective properties that can't be broken down into component parts. This matter aside, it is clear that Aquinas’s endeavor has left us with one of the richer and more enduring accounts of the moral life that philosophy has to offer. The generalization of this abeyance to competent adults is more or less the definition of political paternalism, which produces what may be more properly called the "materialism" of the welfare state.
The Time of Life: Heidegger and Ethos (SUNY Series in

The Time of Life: Heidegger and Ethos (SUNY Series in

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Or, from the other side of the coin, “all truth is relative” comes as a universal statement about truth holding that no statements about truth are universal. If they decide on virtuous action for its own sake, then their deliberation causes them to choose it as an end in itself, not simply as a means. And the avoidance produces psychic numbing - resistance to experiencing our pain for the world and other beings." - Joanna Macy A brief definition of Christian Ethics: (1) A system of values based upon the Christian Scriptures, (2) principles of behavior in concordance with the behaviors of Christian prophets, (3) standards of thought and behavior as taught by Jesus.
Defining personhood: Toward the ethics of quality in

Defining personhood: Toward the ethics of quality in

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This, of course, has been a traditional ideal of Western education. Therefore, a great deal of my time is spent helping citizens throughout the U. But it is also evident from the beginning and before man sinned that God taught him on certain basic moral issues which man would not have known instinctively and which human nature would not have known had God not spoken. It’s not something that groups of personal friends can pull off unless they turn to bank robbing or something) I rather liked that definition of ethics and morality and ethics at first reading, even though it sounded a little bit “too good to be true.” The more I pondered it, though, the more it held up, and I came to like it very much indeed.
Patients in Danger: v. 2: The Dark Side of Medical Ethics

Patients in Danger: v. 2: The Dark Side of Medical Ethics

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Objective relativists are objectivists with respect to reality but relativists with respect to our knowledge. The existence of persistent moral disagreements shows that morality is most plausibly regarded as an informal public system. I write about ethics a lot, and I often refer to ethical concepts with which my readers are not familiar. In this Ethics lesson plan which is adaptable for grades 3-12, students will use BrainPOP resources. 1) National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Code of Ethics for. -Three -Part Moral Reaso.
Liberalism: New Essays on Liberal Themes

Liberalism: New Essays on Liberal Themes

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What punishment is to the actus, expiation is to the mens; and as a matter of practice, the Catholic Church leaves the former to the civil authorities, while the latter is the business of the Confessor. Christian ethical behavior as taught in the Bible, or at least taught in the New Testament, perhaps could simply be distilled to the single thought of love, that within love all things are correct, and that love is the sole properness. C.), scarcely belong to the history of ethics; for, though they proposed various moral truths and principles, they do so in a dogmatic and didactic way, not in a philosophically systematic manner.
Giving an Account of Oneself

Giving an Account of Oneself

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Such a case in sports occurred in a college football game between Colorado and Missouri, in which Colorado (vying for a national championship that year, and undefeated late in the season) was accidentally given five downs to score a touchdown to win as time ran out in the game. Each day, though I was just one of 60 people (almost all of whom were educated professional people, many of whom were wealthy and either physicians, lawyers, or high level business managers or business owners), I was the only one who seemed willing to turn off the thermostat, and they all watched me each time I did it as if this were somehow most unusual.